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Definition: Scratching is a DJing technique that involves moving a vinyl record back and forth on a turntable to produce percussive or rhythmic sounds. This technique is fundamental to turntablism, a sub-genre of DJing that focuses on manipulating sounds and creating music using turntables and a DJ mixer.

What is Scratching?

Scratching is a DJ technique used to manipulate and create sounds by moving vinyl records back and forth on the turntable. It involves using the crossfader to cut between two different sounds, creating a rhythmic and percussive effect.

To perform a scratch, the DJ starts by playing a sound on one turntable while the crossfader is open. They then use their hand to move the record back and forth against the needle, creating a rhythmic “stutter” effect. As they do this, they use the crossfader to cut off and bring in the sound, creating a unique and complex sound.

Scratching can be performed using a variety of techniques, such as the transform scratch or the chirp scratch. Each technique involves a different movement and creates a different sound, allowing DJs to express themselves creatively and add their own unique style to a mix.

Scratching has played an important role in the development of hip-hop and electronic music, and has been used by many famous DJs such as Grandmaster Flash, DJ Shadow, and Q-Bert. It requires skill, practice, and a keen sense of rhythm, but it can add a level of excitement and energy to a mix that cannot be achieved with any other technique.

Overall, scratching is a creative and expressive DJ technique that has become an integral part of the art of DJing. It continues to evolve and inspire new generations of DJs around the world.

Related Terms: Turntablism, Vinyl Record, DJ Mixer

Usage or Example Sentence: “By expertly scratching the vinyl record, the DJ was able to add a dynamic, rhythmic element to the set.

Cross References: Turntablism, Vinyl Record, DJ Mixer

Translated terms: French: Scratch, Spanish: Scratch, German: Scratching

Sources or references: How to DJ Right: The Art and Science of Playing Records, by Frank Broughton and Bill Brewster

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